Coorg, also known as Kodagu in Kannada language is a popular hill stations in India. The Coorg district is bordered by Dakshina Kannada district to the Northwest, Hassan district to the North, Mysore district to the East, Kannur district of Kerala to the Southwest, and the Wayanad district of Kerala to the south. Madikeri is the headquarters of Coorg district.
Coorg is a hilly district, the lowest elevation of Coorg is 900 metres (3,000 ft) above sea-level. The highest peak, Tadiandamol, is 1,750 metres (5,740 ft) above sea level, with Pushpagiri, the second highest, at 1,715 metres (5,627 ft). The main river in Coorg is the Kaveri (Cauvery), which originates at TalaCauvery, located on the eastern side of the Western Ghats, and with its tributaries, drains the greater part of Coorg district.
Tourism in Coorg
Talacauvery, Bhagamandala, Abbey Falls, Irupu Falls, Cauvery Nisargadhama, Dubare Elephant Camp, Nagarahole, Mandalpatti, Omkareshwara Temple, Raja Seat, Bylakuppa Tibetan Settlement (Golden Temple) and Malalli Falls are few important tourist destinations of Coorg district.
Flora and Fauna in Coorg
Coorg is abundant with wildlife and has three wildlife sanctuaries and one national park: the Brahmagiri, TalaCauveri, and Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuaries, and the Nagarhole National Park, also known as the Rajiv Gandhi National Park.
The flora of the jungle includes Michelia champaca, Mesua (Ironwood), Diospyros (ebony and other species), Toona ciliata (Indian mahogany), Chukrasia tabularis, Calophyllum angustifolium (Poon spar), Canarium strictum (Black Dammar), Artocarpus, Dipterocarpus, Garcinia, Euonymus, Cinnamomum, Myristica, Vaccinium, Myrtaceae, Melastomataceae, Rubus (three species) and a rose. In the undergrowth are found cardamom, Areca, plantains, canes, wild black pepper, Cyatheales and other ferns, and arums.
In the forest of the less thickly-wooded bamboo country in the west of Coorg the most common trees are the Dalbergia latifolia (Black wood), Pterocarpus marsupium (Kino tree), Terminalia tomentosa (Matthi), Lagerstroemia parviflora (Benteak), Anogeissus latifolia (Dindul), Bassia latifolia, Butea monosperma, Nauclea parvifiora, and several species of acacia. Teak and sandalwood also grow in the eastern part of the district.
The fauna include: the Asian elephant, tiger, leopard, Dhole, Gaur, Boar, and several species of deer.
Coorg also offers a wide variety of birds; roughly around 300 birds have been sighted and reported over the years.
Coorg - The land of Coffee
The most common plantation crop of Coorg district is coffee, especially Robusta variety. Kodagu is the second coffee production region in India, after the Baba Budangiri hills in Chikkamagaluru district. One can go to see the coffee plantation and can understand how sophisticated coffee plantation is and how much perfection and precision it requires it is mandatory to grow coffee in shade so it is grown with the eucalyptus trees and the vanilla.continues weeding is required for the growth of good quality coffee. Coorg is also known for its forest honey.
State : Karnataka
Location : Western Ghats of Sout-West Karnataka
District Headquarters : Madikeri
Area : 4,102 Sq Km (1,584 sq mi)
Tourism Importance : Popular Hill Station of India
Highest Elevation : 1,750 metres (5,740 ft) - Tadiandamol
Lowest Elevation : 900 metres (3,000 ft) above sea-level
Main Cities/Towns : Madikeri, Virajpet, Somwarpet, Kushalanagar, Gonikoppal
Languages : Kodava Tak, Kannada, Malayalam, Tulu and English
Currency : Indian Rupee (INR)
Summer : March to May
Monsoon : June to October (Heavy rain between July and August)
Winter : December to February
Average Rainfall : 4,000 millimetres (160 in)
Clothes in Summer : Cotton
Clothes in Winter : Wollen
Tourism Season : Throughout the Year
Tourism Season (Peak) : November to May
Shopping Items: Coffee, Honey, Spices and Home made Chocolates
Nearest Railway Station : Mangalore, Mysore & Hassan (Karnataka)
Nearest Airport : Mangalore (140 Km) and Mysore (130 Km)